Pre-Islamic Arabia

Pre-Islamic Arabia 6th century AD

The pre-Islamic Arabs possessed certain natural virtues that marked them out in their contemporary world. They were unrivaled in eloquence in the skillful use of their language. Freedom and honour they valued before their lives. They were superb horseman. But centuries of isolation in the peninsula and morbid insistence on the faith of their forefathers had severely undermined their moral and spiritual health. The six century AD had them plunged in depravity, perversion and dark idolatry and indulging in all the other characteristics of primitive life. The social habits of the Arabs were quite outrageous. Drink was so common that even their literature stunk with it. Gambling was a matter of pride with them. Usury was most callously indulged in. Adultery was not considered much of a vice. Prostitution was rampant and brothels were frequently maintained.  The lot of Women was extremely lamentable in pre-Islamic Arabia.  The Right of Inheritance was denied to them. Widowed and divorced women were not allowed to re-marry and daughters were buried alive at birth . Tribal Prejudice was very strong. Everyone imagined that he came from the noblest stock. The Advent of Prophet Muhammad and the coming of Islam would change the Arabs way of life and...

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Prophet Ibrahim (AS)

Prophet Ibrahim (AS)

Every great story starts with a great person and surely one of the greatest of people was Prophet Ibrahim . He was given the title Khalil-ullah, which means ‘the friend of Allah’. Ibrahim was the forefather of many great prophets and is held in high esteem by all the major revealed religions. These great prophets include Suliman, Musa, Dawud, Yahya, Isa and Muhammad, Peace be upon them all. They are all from the offspring of Ibrahim .   Early life Ibrahim lived in a time, long before the time of Prophet Muhammad . As a boy he used to watch his father make idols. These Idols were sold in the markets as gods for people to worship. Ibrahim could not believe that anyone could consider these idols, made of stone and wood, to be their gods! How could people pray to these idols and ask from them? How could they give these idols offering such as food? How could these idols bring good fortune and look over them? Ibrahim was confused. Ibrahim watched the idols as a fly came and sat on it. The idol was powerless to even move the fly from its body so how could it have the power to do anything! Ibrahim knew in his heart that the people of his community were deeply misguided but he didn’t know any better himself. Ibrahim often thought about his people and their worship. He thought about the world around him and how it came into being. He thought about how and why he was created. He thought about why he was here, living on this wonderful planet. He would spend some time thinking about these things and admiring the world around him. One day he was admiring the beauty of the stars in the night sky. He thought to himself, I will worship these stars as my god they are so beautiful and bright. Then the moon came out and again he admired the beauty of the moon. The moon was shining brighter that the stars so he thought to himself, why don’t I make the moon my god instead of the stars. In the morning the sun came out and the moon and stars could no longer be seen. He thought to himself, why don’t I make the sun my god and worship the sun instead? It is beautiful and much brighter than the moon and stars. After much reflection he decided that he would not worship the stars, the moon or the sun but instead would worship the maker of all these things. He decided there was one creator, his god, who created him and everything around him. Through this Ibrahim became guided to the...

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Regions of the Arabian peninsula before Islam

Regions of the Arabian peninsula before Islam

The Islamic tradition traces its origins to Hijaz, the northwest region of the Arabian peninsula, and specifically to the towns of Makkah and Yathrib, known as Medina (Madinat al-nabi, “the city of the prophet”) in Arabic. Arabia in the sixth century econpassed nearly the entire Arabian peninsula, as well as areas of Transjorden, southern Syria, and Mesopotamia.  Scattered throughout the peninsula were small commercial centers such as Makkah and also agricultural communities such as Yathrib. There common language was Arabic, There was no political unity among them. The tribe was the principle form of social and political organization.  Most at this time were pastoral nomads, living a rough and demanding existence based on the rearing of camels, sheep, and goats, the tribe, headed by its chief, provided both a sense of identity and physical security. There was a substantial Jewish presence in the Hijaz, particularly in Yathrib, where at least three Jewish tribes lived. On the ease there were two rival superpowers, the Byzantine and Sassanian (Persian)...

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