The Farewell Hajj

The Farewell Pilgrimage (Hujjat al-wada) was the last and only Hajj pilgrimage of Prophet Muhammad , in 632 CE (10 AH). Prophet Muhammad met with Archangel Gabriel every Ramadan and read the verses which had been revealed up until then. In the month of Ramadan during the 10th year after the emigration (631) Gabriel said that they would read the Holy Quran twice. The Prophet understood this to mean that his life was coming to an end, and informed his daughter Fatima of this. The Prophet would perform itiqaf (retreating to a place to fast for the sole purpose of worshipping Allah) for ten days during the month of Ramadan, but in this last year he performed itiqaf for twenty days.   An overview of the farewell pilgrimage (Hajj) of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him. http://ncorde.com/media/aud/iho/seerah_52-theFAREwellHAJJ.mp3   Then came the revelation of Surah Nasr: “When come the help of Allah, and victory, and when you see the people enter Allah’s Deen in Crowds, Then celebrate the Praise of your Lord, and pray for his Forgiveness: for no doubt He accepts repentance’. Rasulullah understood that Allah was pleased with his modest work and gaining the impression of his approaching end, he announced his intention to perform Hajj, the ultimate ritual of every Muslim. He advised his Sahaba (R.A.) to do likewise.   Preparations The Holy Prophet began to prepare for pilgrimage in the same year (10, 632) and told everyone to join him. Accompanied by his wives and his daughter Fatima, he set out in the month of Dhu al-Qi’dah 26, year 10 (February 23, 632) with Muslims composed of residents of Medina immigrants, the Companions and the tribes that had come to Medina. He put on the ihram (clothing consisting of white cloth, with no stitches, which pilgrims wear) in Zulhulayfa.   Journey Since Mecca had embraced Islam, and the Battle of Tabuk had ended, most of the Arabian Peninsula was under Muhammad’s leadership, and there was a record high attendance to the pilgrimage. He reached Mecca on the fourth day of the month of Dhu al-Hijjah on his camel, called Qasva (Qusva), accompanied by more people who had joined him on the way. After performing the pilgrimage, he stayed in a tent set up for him in the Abtah region. On 4 of Dhu al-Hijjah, a Thursday, he left Mecca, went to Mina and spent the night there. On 9 of Dhu al-Hijjah, a Friday, he set out for Arafat after the sunrise, going along the Muzdalifa road and spent the night in a tent in Namira which he had asked to be set up. In the afternoon he made his famous speech, known as the...