The Opening Of Makkah

According to the terms of the treaty of Hudaybiyah, the Arab tribes were given the option to join either of the parties with which they desired to enter into treaty alliance, the Prophet’s or the Quraysh’s. As a consequence, Banu Bakr joined the Quraysh, and Khuza’ah joined the Prophet, . According to the Treaty they could not attack one another for a period of ten years. But Banu Bakr developed an evil scheme against Banu Khuza’ah and they planned to take revenge on their rivals. The Quraysh of Makkah should have held Banu Bakr back from implementing their plan against Banu Khuzaa’ah making them uphold the Treaty. Instead of preventing them, the Quraysh, totally at variance with their obligation to the Treaty, came out in the open lending full and active support to Banu Bakr with men and material. They broke their covenant to the extent that Safwaan ibn Umayyah, ‘Ikrimah ibn Abu Jahl, and Suhayl ibn ‘Amr joined the fighting along with Banu Bakr.   Listen the audio version...   The combined attack of Banu Bakr and the Quraysh inflicted on Banu Khuza’ah a heavy loss of 20 or 30 men. Being caught by a surprise attack at night while they were asleep, they found no where to take refuge except at the House of Allah, the Ka’bah, and even some of them were killed there (this was also a breach of trust as the Ka’bah was a sanctuary for all). A Few days after the incident Budayl ibn Warqa’ and ‘Amr ibn Salim came to Al-Madinah and put their complaint before the Prophet . ‘Amr ibn Salim told his tale of woe in a poem filled with gloom and grief at their being brutally attacked and killed. The Prophet of Allah consoled them saying, “You will be helped.” At the time of their departure from Al-Madinah the Messenger of Allah remarked: “Abu Sufyan has set out from Makkah to seek an extension in the duration of Peace Treaty and get it consolidated, but his mission will end in failure.” When the Makkans found time to think over the consequences of their misconduct, they were struck by fear. They sent Abu Sufyan to renew the Peace Treaty. The Messenger of Allah ordered the Muslims, on the other hand, to make preparations for the ensuing battle and to keep it a top secret. On the way back to Makkah, Budayl ibn Warqa’ and his group came across Abu Sufyaan who was heading for Al-Madinah. “Where have you been?” asked Abu Sufyan. “I was only up in this valley,” Budayl replied. Abu Sufyan was under the impression that the Prophet was unaware of the attack against Banu Khuza’ah that had...