The Seljuk Turks

Seljuk, also spelled Seljuq, ruling military family of the Oğuz (Ghuzz) Turkic tribes that invaded southwestern Asia in the 11th century and eventually founded an empire that included Mesopotamia, Syria, Palestine, and most of Iran. Their advance marked the beginning of Turkish power in the Middle East.     Although individual Turkish generals had already gained considerable, and at times decisive, power in Mesopotamia and Egypt...