Muslim Inventors

Muslim Inventors

“The Golden Age“ or as people know it “The Dark Ages“ Was it really dark ?   After Rome fell down, life was miserable in Western Europe, but in the Muslim world it was a Golden age . Muslims had scientists in all fields of life. They invented a lot of things that our life now is based on. This video made by 1001 Inventions is a small film showing some of the Muslim civilization scientists and their important...

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The Islamic Legacy

The Islamic Legacy

The foundation of this legacy was the astonishing achievements of Muslim scholars, scientists, craftsmen, and traders during the few hundred years or so that are called the Golden Age. During this period, from 750 to 950, the territory of the Muslim Empire encompassed present-day Iran, Syria, Iraq, Egypt, Palestine, North Africa, Spain, and parts of Turkey and drew to Baghdad peoples of all those lands in an unparalleled cross-fertilization of...

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The Golden Age

The Golden Age

The early ‘Abbasids were also fortunate in the caliber of their caliphs, especially after Harun al-Rashid came to the caliphate in 786. His reign is now the most famous in the annals of the ‘Abbasids – partly because of the fictional role given him in The Thousand and One Nights (portions of which probably date from his reign), but also because his reign and those of his immediate successors marked the high point of the...

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The Umayyad Caliphate

The Umayyad Caliphate

The Umayads were the first Muslim dynasty — that is, they were the first rulers of the Islamic Empire to pass down power within their family. According to tradition, the Umayyad family (also known as the Banu Abd-Shams) and Muhammad both descended from a common ancestor, Abd Manaf ibn Qusai, and they originally came from the city of Mecca. Muhammad descended from Abd Manāf via his son Hashim, while the Umayyads descended from Abd Manaf via a...

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The Rightly Guided Caliphs

The Rightly Guided Caliphs

  With the death of Muhammad , the Muslim community was faced with the problem of succession. Who would be its leader? There were four persons obviously marked for leadership: Abu Bakr al-Siddiq , who had not only accompanied Muhammad to Medina ten years before, but had been appointed to take the place of the Prophet as leader of public prayer during Muhammad’s last illness; ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab , an able and trusted Companion...

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