Miracle Of AI-Isra & AI-Miraj

The night journey and the ascension of Prophet Muhammad ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him)

Praise be to Allahsubḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He), the Lord oft he Worlds, the One Who exists without a place. To Him belong the endowments and proper commendations. May Allah raise the rank of Prophet Muhammad ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) and his kind Al and Companions and protect his nation from what he fears for them. May the Lord of Heavens and Earth grant us the sincere intentions and guide us to the acceptable deeds.
Thereafter, Allah sent the prophets as a mercy to the slaves and supported them with miracles to indicate the truthfulness of their message. Of all the prophets, our Prophet, Muhammad ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him), was blessed with the most miracles. Al-Isra’ and al-Mi’rqj are among the many miracles of Prophet Muhammad ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him).
The miracle of al-Isra’ is confirmed in the Qur’an. In Surat al-Isra’, Ayah 1, Allah said:—

سُبۡحٰنَ الَّذِىۡۤ اَسۡرٰى بِعَبۡدِهٖ لَيۡلًا مِّنَ الۡمَسۡجِدِ الۡحَـرَامِ اِلَى الۡمَسۡجِدِ الۡاَقۡصَا الَّذِىۡ بٰرَكۡنَا حَوۡلَهٗ لِنُرِيَهٗ مِنۡ اٰيٰتِنَا‌ ؕ اِنَّهٗ هُوَ السَّمِيۡعُ الۡبَصِيۡرُ

Glorified (and Exalted) is He (Allâh) [above all that (evil) they associate with Him]. Who took His slave (Muhammad ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him)) for a journey by night from Al-Masjid-al-Harâm (at Makkah) to Al-Masjid-al-Aqsa (in Jerusalem), the neighbourhood whereof We have blessed, in order that We might show him (Muhammad ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him)) of Our Ayât (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.). Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer[] 

This journey is also confirmed in the sahih Hadith. As such, there is scholarly consensus (ijma) Prophet Muhammad ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) journeyed in body and soul and the night of al-isra’ from Masjid al Haram in Makkah to Masjid al-aqsa in Jerusalem. Moreover, these scholars indicated the person who denies al-Isra is a blasphemer for belying the explicit text of the Quran.

Before the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) took this night journey, the ceiling of the house in which he was staying was opened, and Jibril descended. He cut open the chest of Prophet Muhammad ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) and washed that open area with Zamzam water. Then he emptied something from a container into the chest of the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) to increase his wIsdom as well as the strength of his belief. This was done to prepare the Messenger of Allahsubḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He).

 Al-Isra’

After the Prophet performed the Evening Prayer (‘lsha‘), Jibril came to him with a white animal, slightly larger than a donkey yet smaller than a mule. This animal was the buraq,  one of the animals of Paradise. Jibril held the buraq by his ear and told the Prophet to mount it.  When the buraq was mounted, the Prophet set forth.

The buraq is  a very fast animal; the length of the buraq’s stride is the farthest distance it’s eye can see.  The Prophet and Jibril arrived to a  land with palm trees.

Jibril told the Prophet to dismount and pray, so the Prophet dismounted the buraq and prayed two rakas. Jibril asked him, “Do you know where you prayed? and the Prophet answered, “Allah knows best. “This is Yathrib; this is Taybah (two names for the city of al-Madinah). Before the Prohet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) migrated to al-Madinah, it was called Taybah and Yathrib. It earned the name al-Madinah after the Prophet migrated to it. The buraq continued with the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) and Jibril until they reached another place. Again Jibril told the Prophetṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) to get down and pray. The Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) dismounted there and prayed two rakas. Jibril informed the Prophet of the name of that place; it was TurSina’.

Once again the buraq took off with the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) and Jibril.  Once again it stopped, and theProphet dismounted and prayed two rakas. This was in Bayt Lahm, where Prophet (Jesus) was born. Then the buraq continued with the Messanger of Allah until they entered  the city of Jerusalem. There the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) went to Masjid al-Aqsa. Outsite was a ring used by the Messenger of  Allah to tie their animals. The Prophet tied his burqq to this ring. Then the Prophet entered the masjid where Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He) assembled for him all the Prophets from Adam 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him) to Isa 'alayhi'l-salām (peace be upon him). Prophet Muhammad moved forward and let them all in prayer. This is an indication the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) is higher in status than all the rest of the prophets and messengers.

On Prophet Muhammad’s ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) journey from Masjid al-Haram to Masjid al-Aqsa, Allah enabled him to see some wondrous creations. Allah enabled the Prophet to see the world (dunyg) like an old ‘woman. However, this old woman was wearing a great deal of jewelry, and in this there is an indication signifying the reality of the world.
Allah enabled The Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) to see Iblish. The Prophet saw something on the side of the road which did not dare to stand in his way or speak to him. What the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) saw was Iblis. Originaily, Iblis was a believer and lived with the angels in Paradise. When Allah ordered the angels to prostrate (sujud) to Prophet Adam, Iblis was ordered to prostrate to him as well. The angels prostrated to Adam in obedience to Allah, because angels do not disobey Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He). However, Iblis did not obey, and he objected to the order of Allah- He said, “You created me out of fire, and You created him out of clay. How do You order me to prostrate to him?” So this objection by Iblis to the order of Allah was the first blasphemy he committed.
On this journey, the Prophet smelled a very nice odor. He asked Jibril about this pleasant scent and Jibril informed him this good smell was coming from the grave of the woman whose duty used to comb Pharaoh’s daughter’s hair. This woman was a good, pious believer. One day, as she was combing Pharaoh’s daughter’s hair, the comb fell from her hand. At this she said, “Bismillah. Pharaoh’s daughter asked her, “Do you have god other than my father The woman said, “Yes. My Lord and the Lord of your father is Allah.”Pharaoh’s daughter told her father what had happened. Pharaoh demanded this woman to leave Islam, but she refused. At that, Pharaoh threatened to kill her children. He brought a great pot of water and built a great fire under it. When the water boiled, Pharaoh brought her children and started to drop them into that pot one after the other. Throughout all this, the woman remained steadfast to Islam, even when Pharaoh reached her youngest child a little boy still breast feeding but she felt pity for him. At that, Allah enabled this child to speak. He said to his to his mother, “O Mother, be patient. The torture of the Herafter is far more severe than the torture of this life, and do not be reluctant, because you are right. “At this the woman requested Pharaoh collect her bones and the bones of her children and bury them in the same grave. Pharaoh promised her that then dropped her into that boiling water. She died as a martyr. The good odor the Prophet smelled coming from her grave is an indication of her high status.
During his trip, the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) saw people who were planting and reaping in two days. Jibril told the Prophet, “These were the people who fight for the sake of Allah (mujahidun)”.
The Prophet also saw people whose lips and tongues were clipped with scissors, made of fire. Jibril told the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him), “These are the speakers of sedition (fitna) who call people to misquidance”.
He also saw a bull which exited a very small outlet, then was trying in vain to return through that small outlet. Jibril told the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him), “This is the example of the bad word once spoken, it cannot be returned”.
The Prophet saw people grazing like animals, with very little clothing on theirs private parts. Jibril told the Prophet, “These are the ones who refused to pay zakat”.
The Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) saw angels smashing some people’s heads with rocks. These heads would return to the shape they had been, and then the angels would smash their heads again and so on. Jibril told the Prophet, “These are the ones whose heads felt too heavy to perform prayer the ones who used to sleep without praying.”
On his journey the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) saw people who were competing to eat some rotten meat ignoring meat that was sliced and unspoiled. Jibril told the Prophet, “These are people from your nation who leave out that which is permissible (halal) and consume that which is forbidden (haram). “This reference was to the fornicators, that is, the ones who left out the permissible (marriage) and committed sins (fornication).
Also, the Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) saw people who were drinking from the fluid coming from, the bodies of the fornicators, (water mixed with blood). Jibril indicated to the Prophet these were the ones who were drinking the alcohol which is prohibited in this world.
The Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) saw people scratching their faces and chests with brass finger nails. Jibril said, “These are the examples of those who commit gossip (ghibah)”.