Pre-Islamic Arabia is the Arabian Peninsula prior to the emergence of Islam in 610 CE. Some of the settled communities developed into distinctive civilizations.
There common language was Arabic, There was no political unity among them.
The tribe was the principle form of social and political organization. Most at this time were pastoral nomads, living a rough and demanding existence based on the rearing of camels, sheep, and goats, the tribe, headed by its chief, provided both a sense of identity and physical security.
There was a substantial Jewish presence in the Hijaz, particularly in Yathrib, where at least three Jewish tribes lived. On the ease there were two rival superpowers, the Byzantine and Sassanian (Persian) empires.
The Religious Situation Of Pre-Islamic Arabi??