The military career of Muhammad [saw], the final prophet encompasses several expeditions and battles throughout the Hejaz region in the western Arabian Peninsula which took place in the final ten years of his life.
Alongside his campaign against the Quraysh, Muhammad [saw] led campaigns against several other tribes of Arabia, most notably the three Arabian Jewish tribes of Medina and the Jewish fortress at Khaybar.
In the final years of his life, Muhammad [saw] sent several armies against the Byzantine Empire and the Ghassanids in northern Arabia and the Levant, before conquering Mecca in 630 and leading a campaign against some Arab pagan tribes close to Mecca, most notably in Ta’if. The last army led by Muhammad [saw] before his death was in the Battle of Tabuk in October 630. By his death in 632, Muhammad [saw] had managed to unite most of the Arabian Peninsula, laying the foundation for the subsequent Islamic expansion under the caliphates and defining Islamic military jurisprudence.